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  • Carlozzi NE, Kallen MA, Hanks R, Hahn EA, Brickell TA, Lange RT, French LM, Kratz AL, Tulsky DS, Cella D, Miner JA, Ianni PA, Sander AM. The TBI-CareQOL Measurement System: Development and preliminary validation of health-related quality of life measures for caregivers of civilians and service members/veterans with traumatic brain injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2018 Sep 6. pii: S0003-9993(18)31184-5. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2018.08.175. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 30195987.
  • Carlozzi NE, Kallen MA, Ianni PA, Hahn EA, French LM, Lange RT, Brickell TA, Hanks R, Sander AM. The Development of a New Computer-Adaptive Test to Evaluate Strain in Caregivers of Individuals With TBI: TBI-CareQOL Caregiver Strain. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2018 Aug 25. pii: S0003-9993(18)30395-2. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2018.05.033. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 29966647.

  • Carlozzi NE, Kallen MA, Sander AM, Brickell TA, Lange RT, French LM, Ianni PA, Miner JA, Hanks R. The development of a new computer adaptive test to evaluate anxiety in caregivers of individuals with traumatic brain injury: TBI-CareQOL Caregiver-Specific Anxiety. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2018 Jun 26. pii: S0003-9993(18)30386-1. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2018.05.027. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 29958902.

  • Carlozzi NE, Kallen MA, Hanks R, Kratz AL, Hahn EA, Brickell TA, Lange RT, French LM, Ianni PA, Miner JA, Sander AM. The development of a new computer adaptive test to evaluate feelings of being trapped in caregivers of individuals with traumatic brain injury: TBI-CareQOL Feeling Trapped Item Bank. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2018 Jul 31. pii: S0003-9993(18)30883-9. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2018.06.025. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 30075146.

  • Carlozzi NE, Kallen MA, Ianni PA, Sander AM, Hahn EA, Lange RT, Brickell TA, French LM, Miner JA, Hanks R. The development of a two new computer adaptive tests to evaluate feelings of loss in caregivers of individuals with traumatic brain injury: TBI-CareQOL Feelings of Loss-Self and Feelings of Loss-Person with Traumatic Brain Injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2018 Jun 26. pii: S0003-9993(18)30385-X. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2018.05.026. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 29958904.

  • Carlozzi NE, Hanks R, Lange RT, Brickell TA, Ianni PA, Miner JA, French LM, Kallen MA, Sander AM. Understanding Health-related Quality of Life in Caregivers of Civilians and Service Members/Veterans With Traumatic Brain Injury: Establishing the Reliability and Validity of PROMIS Mental Health Measures. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2018 Jun 19. pii: S0003-9993(18)30371-X. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2018.05.021. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 29932885.

  • Hahn, E.A., Ianni, P, Hanks, R., Miner, J.A., Freedman, J. Carlozzi, N. (In Press). Survey Response Burden in Caregivers of Civilians and Service Members/Veterans with Traumatic Brain Injury. Patient Related Outcome Measures.

  • Hanks RA, Rapport L, Seagly K, Millis S, Scott C, Pearson C. Outcomes after Concussion Recovery Education: The Effects of Litigation and Disability Status on Maintenance of Symptoms. J Neurotrauma. 2018 Aug 17. doi: 10.1089/neu.2018.5873. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 30117361.

  • Kanser, R.J., Rapport, L. J., Bashem, J.R., & Hanks, R.A. Detecting malingering in traumatic brain injury: combining response time with performance validity test accuracy (2018). The Clinical Neuropsychologist, 31, 644-653.

  • Kisala, P.A., Boulton, A., Cohen, M.L., Slavin, M.D., Jette, A.M.,, Charlilfue, S, Hanks, R., Mulcahey, M.J., Holdnack, J.A., Cella, D., Tulsky, D. (In press). Interview vs. Independent Self-report Administration of PROMIS Adult Measures. Health Psychology.

  • Parker HA, Rapport LJ, Williams MW, Hanks RA, Lumley MA, Bogg T. Functional independence after acquired brain injury: Prospective effects of health self-efficacy and cognitive impairment. Rehabil Psychol. 2018 Nov;63(4):595-603. doi: 10.1037/rep0000243. Epub 2018 Sep 24. PubMed PMID: 30247052.

  • Sander AM, Hanks RA, Ianni PA, Boileau NR, Kratz AL, Hahn EA, Tulsky DS, Carlozzi NE. Sociocultural Factors Influencing Caregiver Appraisals Following Traumatic Brain Injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2018 Oct 23. pii: S0003-9993(18)31382-0. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2018.08.193. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 30365926.

  • Sander AM, Clark AN, van Veldhoven LM, Hanks R, Hart T, Leon Novelo L, Ngan E, Arciniegas DB. Factor analysis of the everyday memory questionnaire in persons with traumatic brain injury. Clin Neuropsychol. 2018 Apr;32(3):495-509. doi: 10.1080/13854046.2017.1368714. Epub 2017 Aug 29. PubMed PMID: 28849703.

  • Seagly KS, O'Neil RL, Hanks RA. Pre-injury psychosocial and demographic predictors of long-term functional outcomes post-TBI. Brain Inj. 2018;32(1):78-83. doi: 10.1080/02699052.2017.1374467. Epub 2017 Nov 20. PubMed PMID: 29157000.  

  • Tulsky DS, Kisala PA, Boulton AJ, Jette AM, Thissen D, Ni P, DeWalt DA, Huang IC, Liu Y, Mulcahey MJ, Slavin M, Magnus B, Crump H, Hanks R, Charlifue S, Reeve BB. Determining a transitional scoring link between PROMIS® pediatric and adult physical health measures. Qual Life Res. 2018 Dec 11. doi: 10.1007/s11136-018-2073-3. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 30539361.


  • Johnstone, B., Hanks, R., Bhushan, B., Cohen, D., Roseberry, J., Yoon, Dong Pil. Selflessness as a Universal Neuropsychological Foundation of Spiritual Transcendence: Validation with Christian, Hindu, and Muslim Tradition (2017). Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 20 (2), 175-187.
  • Kanser, R.J., Rapport, L.J., Bashem, J.R., Billings, N.M., Hanks, R.A., Axelrod, B.N., & Miller, J.B. Strategies of Successful and Unsuccessful Simulators Coached to Feign Traumatic Brain Injury (2017). The Clinical Neuropsychologist, 31 (3), 1-10.
  • Neils-Strunjas, J., Paul, D., Clark, A.N., Mudar, R., Duff, M.C., Waldron-Perrine, B. & Bechtold, K.T.Role of resilience in the rehabilitation of adults with acquired brain injury (2017).Brain Injury, DOI: 10.1080/02699052.2016.1229032
  • Sherer, M., Nick, T.G., Sander, A.M., Melguizo, M., Hanks, R., Novack, T.A., Tulsky, D., Kisala, P., Luo, C., Tang, X.Groupings of Persons with TBI: A New Approach to Classifying TBI in the Post-acute Period (2017). Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 32 (2), 125-133.


  • Hanks, R.A., Jackson, A., Cristanti, L.Predictive Validity of a Brief Outpatient Neuropsychological Battery in Individuals 1 to 25 Years Post Traumatic Brain Injury (2016). The Clinical Neuropsychologist 30 (7), 1074-1086.
  • Hanks, R.A., Rapport, L.J., Waldron-Perrine, B., Millis, S.R. Correlates of Resilience in the First Five Years after Traumatic Brain Injury: An Exploratory Study (2016).  Rehabilitation Psychology, 61(3), 269-276.
  • Liu, J., Xia, S., Hanks, R., Wiseman, N., Peng, C., Zhou, S., Haacke, E.M., Kou, Z.Susceptibility Weighted Imaging and Mapping of Micro-hemorrhages and Major Deep Veins after Traumatic Brain Injury (2016).Journal of Neurotrauma, 33(1), 10-21.
  • Sander, A., M., Maestas, K., Pappadis, M.R., Hammond, F., Hanks, R.A.A Multicenter Study of Sexual Functioning in Spouses/Partners of Persons with Traumatic Brain Injury (2016). Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 97 (5), 753-759.
  • Spencer, R., Waldron-Perrine, B., Drag, L. & Bieliauskas, L. Neuropsychological test validity in Veterans presenting with subjective complaints of ‘very severe’ cognitive symptoms following mild traumatic brain injury (2016, Nov).Brain Injury DOI: 10.1080/02699052.2016.1218546
  • Tulsky, D.S., Kisala, P.A., Victorson, D, Carlozzi, N., Bushnik, T., Sherer, M., Cho4, S.W., Heinemann, A.W., Chiaravalloti, N., Sander, A.M., Englander, J., Hanks, R., Kolakowski-Hayner, S., Roth, E., Gershon, R., Rosenthal, M., Cella, D. TBI-QOL: Development and Calibration of Item Banks to Measure Patient Reported Outcomes Following Traumatic Brain Injury (2016). Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 31, 40-51.
  • Wong, C., Rapport, L.J., Meachen, S.J., Hanks, R.A., Lumley, M.Behavioral Inhibition and Activation Systems in Traumatic Brain Injury (2016). Rehabilitation Psychology, 61 (4), 397-407.


  • Greene, H., Rapport, L.J., Millis, S.R., Hanks, R.A., Williams, M.Rasch Analysis of the Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations in Individuals with Moderate to Severe Traumatic Brain Injury (2015).Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 96(4), 659-666.
  • Johnstone, B., Bhushan, B., Hanks, R., Yoon, D. P., & Cohen, D.Factor Structure of the Brief Multidimensional Measure of Religiousness/Spirituality in US and Indian Samples with Traumatic Brain Injury (2015).Journal of Religion and Health, 55 (2), 1-15.
  • Reeve, B.B., Thissen, D., DeWalt, D.A., Huang, I-C., Liu, Y., Magnus, B.,Quinn, H., Gross, H.E., Kisala, P.A., Ni, P., Haley, S.M., Mulcahey, M.J., Charlifue, S., Hanks, R., Slavin, M., Jette, A.M., Tulsky, D.S.Linkage Between the PROMIS Pediatric and Adult Emotional Distress Measures (2015).  Quality of Life Research, 25, 823-833.
  • Sherer, M., Davis, L., Sander, A., Nick, T., Luo, Chunqiao, Pastorik, N., Hanks, R.Factors Associated with the Word Memory Test Performance in Persons with Medically Documented Traumatic Brain Injury (2015).  The Clinical Neuropsychologist, 49, 413-425.
  • Sherer, M., Sander, A., Nick, T., Melguizo, M., Tulsky, D., Kisala, P., Hanks, R., Novack, T.  Key Dimensions of Impairment, Self-report, and Environmental Supports in Persons with TBI (2015). Rehabilitation Psychology, 60, 138-146.
  • Waldron-Perrine, B., Neils-Strunjas, J., Paul, D., Clark, A., Mudar, R., Maestas, K., Duff, M. & Bechtold, K. Integrating resilience building into the neurorehabilitation process (2015). Brain Injury Professional, 12 (3), 22-25.


  • Bashem, J.R., Rapport, L.J., Miller, J.B., Hanks, R.A., Axelrod, B.N., Millis, S.R. Comparisons of Five Performance Validity Indices in Bona Fide and Simulated Traumatic Brain Injury (2014). The Clinical Neuropsychologist, 28, 851-875.
  • Gardizi, E., Figueroa, M.J., Holcomb, E.M., Hanks, R.A., Millis, S.R. (2014). Comorbidity and Insurance as Predictors of Disability Following Traumatic Brain Injury, Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 95(12), 2396-2401.
  • Hanks, R.A., Rapport, L.J., Waldron-Perrine, B., Millis, S.R. Role of Character Strengths in Outcome after Mild Complicated to Severe Traumatic Brain Injury: A Positive Psychology Study. (2014), Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 95(11), 2096-2102.
  • Millis, S.R., Meachen, S., Griffen, J., Hanks, R.A., Rapport, L.R. (2014). Rasch Analysis of the Community Integration Measure (CIM) in Persons with Traumatic Brain Injury, Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 95,734-40.
  • Reslan, S., Hanks, R.A. Brief Report: Factors associated with alcohol-related problems following moderate to severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). (2014), Rehabilitation Psychology, 59 (4), 453-458.
  • Williams, M. W., Rapport, L. J., Hanks, R. A., & Millis, S. R. (2014). Psychosocial Outcomes after Traumatic Brain Injury: Life Satisfaction Community Integration and Distress, Rehabilitation Psychology, 59(3), 298-305.


  • Davis, J.J., Axelrod, B.N., McHugh, T.S., Hanks, R.A, Millis, S.R. (2013). Number of Impaired Scores as Performance Validity Indicator. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 35, 413-420.
  • Hanks, R.A., Sander, A.M., Millis, S.R., Hammond, F.M., Maestas, K.L. (2013). Changes in Sexual Functioning from Six to Twelve Months Following Traumatic Brain Injury: A Prospective TBI Model System Multicenter Study. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 28, 179-185.
  • Sander, AM., Maestas, K.L., Nick, T.G., Pappadis, M.R., Hammond, F.M., Hanks, R.A. (2013). Predictors of Sexual Functioning and Satisfaction One Year Following Traumatic Brain Injury: A TBI Model Systems Multicenter Study. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 28, 186-194.
  • Silverberg, N., Hanks, R., Johnson, S. (2013). Education Quality, Reading Recognition, and Racial Differences in Neuropsychological Outcome from Traumatic Brain Injury. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 28, 485-491.
  • VanDyke, S., Millis, S.R., Axelrod, B., Hanks, R.A. (2013). Assessing Effort: Differentiating Performance and Symptom Validity, The Clinical Neuropsychologist, 27, 1234-1246.
  • Williams, M., Rapport, L.J., Hanks, R.A., Millis, S.R., Greene, H. (2013). Incremental Validity of Neropsychological Evaluations to Computed Tomography in Predicting Long-Term Outcomes after Traumatic Brain Injury. The Clinical Neuropsychologist, 27, 356-375.


  • Davis J.J., McHugh T.S., Axelrod B.N., Hanks R.A. (2012) Performance validity and neuropsychological outcomes in litigants and disability claimants. Clin Neuropsychology. 26(5): 850-65.
  • Davis L.C., Sherer M., Sander A.M., Bogner J.A., Corrigan J.D, Dijkers M.P., Hanks R.A., Bergquist T.F, Seel RT. (2012). Preinjury predictors of life satisfaction at 1 year after traumatic brain injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 93 (8):1324-30.
  • Gardizi E., Millis S.R., Hanks R., Axelrod B. (2012) Rasch analysis of the postconcussive symptom questionnaire: measuring the core construct of brain injury symptomatology. Clin Neuropsychology. 26(6): 869-78.
  • Hanks RA, Rapport LJ, Wertheimer J, Koviak C. (2012). Randomized controlled trial of peer mentoring for individuals with traumatic brain injury and their significant others. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 93 (8):1297-304.
  • Holcomb E.M., Millis S.R., Hanks R.A. (2012). Comorbid disease in persons with traumatic brain injury: descriptive findings using the modified cumulative illness rating scale. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 93 (8):1338-42.
  • Johnson S.C., Silverberg N.D., Millis S.R., Hanks R.A. (2012) Symptom Validity Indicators Embedded in the Controlled Oral Word Association Test. Clin Neuropsychology. Aug 3.
  • Nakase-Richardson R., Whyte J., Giacino J.T., Pavawalla S., Barnett S.D., Yablon S.A., Sherer M., Kalmar K., Hammond F.M., Greenwald B., Horn L.J., Seel R., McCarthy M., Tran J., Walker W.C.(2012). Longitudinal outcome of patients with disordered consciousness in the NIDRR TBI Model Systems Programs. J Neurotrauma. 29 (1):59-65.
  • Sander A.M., Maestas K.L., Pappadis M.R., Sherer M., Hammond F.M., Hanks R.; NIDRR Traumatic Brain Injury Model Systems Module Project on Sexuality After TBI. (2012). Sexual functioning 1 year after traumatic brain injury: findings from a prospective traumatic brain injury model systems collaborative study. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 93 (8):1331-7.


  • Bercaw, E.L., Hanks, R.A., Millis, S.R., & Gola, T.J. (2011).Changes in Neuropsychological Performance after Traumatic Brain Injury from Inpatient Rehabilitation to 1-Year Follow-Up in Predicting 2-Year Functional Outcomes. Clin Neuropsychol , 25 (1), 72-89.
  • Miller, J. B., Millis, S.R., Rapport, L.J., Bashem, J.R., Hanks, R.A., & Axelrod, B.N. (2011). Detection of Insufficient Effort Using the Advanced Clinical Solutions for the Wechsler Memory Scale, Fourth Edition.Clin Neuropsychol , 25 (1), 160-172.
  • Nakase-Richardson R., Sherer M., Seel R.T., Hart T., Hanks R., Arango-Lasprilla J.C., Yablon S.A., Sander A.M., Barnett S.D., Walker W.C., Hammond F. (2011). Utility of post-traumatic amnesia in predicting 1-year productivity following traumatic brain injury: comparison of the Russell and Mississippi PTA classification intervals. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 82 (5):494-9.
  • Vangel, S.J. Jr, Rapport, L.J., & Hanks, R.A. (2011). Effects of family and caregiver psychosocial functioning on outcomes in persons with traumatic brain injury. J Head Trauma Rehab , 26 (1), 20-29.
  • Waldron-Perrine, B., Rapport L.J., Hanks, R.A., Lumley, M., Meachen, S.J., & Hubbarth P. (2011). Religion and spirituality in rehabilitation outcomes among individuals with traumatic brain injury. Rehabil Psychol. 56 (2),107-16.
  • Whiteneck GG, Dijkers MP, Heinemann AW, Bogner JA, Bushnik T, Cicerone KD, Corrigan JD, Hart T, Malec JF, Millis SR. (2011). Development of the participation assessment with recombined tools-objective for use after traumatic brain injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 92 (4):542-51.


  • Griffen, J. A., Hanks, R. A., & Meachen, S. J. (2010). The reliability and validity of the community integration measure in persons with traumatic brain injury. Rehabilitation Psychology, 55 (3), 292-297.
  • Kirsch, N. L., de Leon, M. B., Maio, R. F., Millis S. R., Tan-Schriner, C. U., & Frederiksen, S. (2010). Characteristics of a mild head injury subgroup with extreme, persisting distress on the Rivermead Postconcussion Symptoms questionnaire. Arch Phys Med Rehabil , 91 (1), 35-42.
  • Schutte, C. & Hanks, R.A. (2010). Impact of the Presence of Alcohol at the Time of the Injury on Acute and One Year Cognitive and Functional Recovery after Traumatic Brain Injury. The International Journal of Neuroscience , 120 , 551-556.
  • Wolfe, P. L., Millis, S. R., Hanks, R., Fichtenberg, N., Larrabee, G. J., & Sweet, J. J. (2010). Effort Indicators within the California Verbal Learning Test – II (CVLT-II). The Clinical Neuropsychologist , 24 (1), 153-168.
  • Ylioja, S., Hanks, R.A., Millis, S., & Baird, A. (2010). Are Cognitive Outcome and Recovery Different in Civilian Penetrating Versus Non-penetrating Brain Injuries. The Clinical Neuropsychologist, 24 , 1097-1112.